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Interventions to improve cattle keeping practices in Oldonyosambu and Ngarenanyuki Wards, Arumeru District

Oikos East Africa (OEA) is a Tanzanian NGO based in Arusha that works since 1999 to promote the protection of biodiversity and the sustainable use of natural resources, as tools to fight against poverty and boost socio-economic development.

OEA is actually implementing the EU funded project “ECOBOMA: a climate-resilient model for Maasai steppe pastoralists”, contract n. CRIS DCI-ENV/2014/354-361. The Project aims to increase the capacity of vulnerable Maasai Pastoralists in Arumeru District (Northern Tanzania) to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change and contribute to poverty reduction in rural areas  through the application of the ECO BOMA model: a low cost, culturally acceptable, replicable model of holistic solutions to vulnerable pastoral systems.

In the framework of this action it is planned a consultancy to improve cattle keeping practices in Oldonyosambu and Ngarenanyuki Wards, Arumeru District by strengthening the livestock services provided at District and village level.

Oikos East Africa, invites proposals for the above consultancy services.

The applicants are invited to submit the following two documents:

1)      Technical proposal which shall provide the following information:

(a) The individual consultant’s CV and a brief of any recent experience of assignment of a similar nature. For each assignment the brief should indicate the profiles of staff involved, contract amount and the individual consultant’s involvement. The CV shall include at least 3 contactable referees.

(b) Any comments or suggestions on the Terms of Reference and a list of service and facilities requested to be provided by the procuring entity.

(c) A description of the methodology and work plan for performing the proposed assignment.

(d) Any additional information requested in the special conditions of contract.

The Technical proposal shall be separate from the Financial proposal and shall not include any Financial information.

2)      A financial proposal which will clearly define the nr of working days and the total amount of the service.

Terms of Reference

Phase 1: Preliminary Assessment

Arumeru District

  1. Assess present procedures in place at District level in terms of: alert mechanisms for zoonosis, vaccination campaigns, training of Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs).
  2. Need assessment for district livestock operators: on a representative sample, identify gaps of knowledge and needs related to impact of climate change on livestock.

Community Level – based on a representative sample, describe the following:

  1. Livestock prices and income from sale of animals;
  2. Prevalent livestock diseases and new vulnerabilities;
  3. Loss of livestock through increased sales and deaths;
  4. Loss of livestock products (milk, meat, fat and ghee);
  5. Workload as a result of grazing areas being far from water points;
  6. Loss of employment/schooling opportunities from herding;
  7. Loss of hides and skins;
  8. Access key livelihood resources (firewood, water, pasture);
  9. Emergency feeding and supplementary nutrition;
  10. Reduced access to pasture and water;
  11. Increased exposure to disease; and limited access to health care.

Phase 2: Integration

  1. From the results of the Ecoboma project rangeland monitoring activities, in particular information from plant cover, land cover and measured livestock density from distant sampling, identify a sustainable livestock density both in TLU and building 3 scenarios: one dominated by large ruminants, one by shoats, one with a mixed herd’s composition.
  2. Identify strategies to integrate innovative veterinary practices in the target landscape: preventative medicine, therapies, antibiotic resistance.
  3. Integrate the current land use with the measured carrying capacity and the carrying capacity with the livestock services e.g. recommendation pro or against improved breeds (check with nutritional needs, health issues)/supplementary feed plans/emergency feed plans etc. to provide recommendation to be included in the training modules and at large in the Land Use Plans.

Phase 3: Skills development

Objective 1: Increase capacity of livestock services at District level.

Design an ad hoc syllabus for District Livestock officers on the base of the findings in phase 1. Train at least 6 livestock officers.

Objective 2: Create livestock extension services at village level by selecting and training at least 8 people among Community Animal Health Worker’s (CAHW), kraal leaders and butchery workers on: 1) disease detection and reporting, 2) basic livestock health issues, 3) improved livestock feeding under normal conditions and extreme drought, 4) basic veterinary practices.

Strengthen the capacity of at least four District Veterinary officers on: 1) livestock disease detection and management, 2) appropriate livestock management practices under climate change and extreme weather events, and 3) engagement with the CAHW.

Points of attention: Identifying and supporting the roles and decision-making capacities of womenas livestock owners, animal health care providers, feed gatherers and livestock birth attendants. As users of livestock products women are central to the effective implementation of gender-responsive interventions. In view of both ethical reasons and with the purpose of improved raw skins quality, improve animal welfare and skin conditions.

Phase 4: Implementation

  • Provision of veterinary kits for Community Animal Health Workers.
  • Identification of a professional livestock extensionist in Oldonyosambu market and creation of a controlled quality provision of veterinary drugs for resale.
  • Provision of one solar refrigerator.
  • Assessment of the feasibility to establish a network of feed distributors during prolonged drought spells.
  • Verify that the existing monitoring tools are appropriate to capture the outcomes of the activity.

All the phases of the service will be developed in collaboration with the Ecoboma team and under the PM’s supervision.

A report is expected for each phase of the intervention.


  • Minimum of ten years of proven experience working in pastoral systems of sub Saharan Africa.
  • Proven experience applying participatory methodologies.
  • Excellent command of English language; basic knowledge of Kiswahili will be considered an added value.

To apply please send the technical and financial proposal to the following address:

Deadline: 31/1/2018

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