ITA ENG

Protection of Sun bear, an endangered species

Monitoring in Rakhine and Sagaing areas, in Myanmar, and forests long term protection programmes: our task for the conservation of one of the rarest tropical bear species of Southeast Asia

Diffondi Il Progetto

Project Conservation of Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) in Myanmar
Period 2016-2020
Sector Natural Resources
Area Asia
Country Myanmar
Status On going
Partners Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), Rakhine Coastal Region Conservation Association (RCA), University of Insubria, University of Milano Bicocca, Forest Department (FD), Flora and Fauna International (FFI)
Financing body Fondation Segré

Habitat loss and commercial hunting: these are the two major threats to sun bears (Helarctos malayanus), one of the least known bear species in the world, the smallest of the eight bear species and one of the rarest tropical bear species of Southeast Asia. It is classified as vulnerable by IUCN Red List - the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species – and it is also listed on CITES Appendix I since 1979.

Habitat loss and human threat

Myanmar is part of the native range of the sun bear: the country is considered to have the largest expanse of potential species range in mainland Southeast Asia, but with huge areas currently referred to as “unknown”. The species in Myanmar is listed as a “Totally Protected Species” under the Protection of Wild Life and Wild Plants and Conservation of Natural Areas Law.
The sun bear populations are currently decreasing. The conversion of lowland forest to plantation agriculture, human settlements and resource extraction areas is reducing the sun bear suitable habitat, making it more and more fragmented. Regarding commercial hunting, sun bears are commonly poached for their gall bladder (i.e. bile) and bear-paws for their use in the Traditional Chinese Medicine and as expensive delicacy: illegal trade is registered in Myanmar, both at national and international scale.
Conservation strategies
The project aims at promoting the protection of sun bear and its habitat in Myanmar. For this purpose, project activities will concern the acquisition of a better understanding of the status and distribution of sun bear in Rakhine and Sagaing areas. Local actors capacity on monitoring, patrolling and managing forest areas and local markets will be improved, and the dissemination of information about sun bear biology and bear-human interactions to government decision-makers, managers, and resource-users in target areas will be boosted.
In parallel, we are committed to develop a long term protection of at least 15.000 acres of forest habitats in Rakhine and Sagaing through a sustainable and community based management.

Fai una donazione

Sostieni questo progetto

Oppure usa le nostre coordinate
inserendo nella causale il nome del progetto che desideri sostenere

BONIFICO BANCARIO:
intestato a Istituto Oikos Onlus
Banca Popolare di Sondrio, ag. 1 - via Porpora 104, Milano 20131
IBAN IT80R0569601602000006906X78

CONTO CORRENTE POSTALE:
c/c 61923629
intestato a Istituto Oikos

Sostieni Oikos

Oppure usa le nostre coordinate
inserendo nella causale il nome del progetto che desideri sostenere

BONIFICO BANCARIO:
intestato a Istituto Oikos Onlus
Banca Popolare di Sondrio, ag. 1 - via Porpora 104, Milano 20131
IBAN IT80R0569601602000006906X78

CONTO CORRENTE POSTALE:
c/c 61923629
intestato a Istituto Oikos