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Environmental protection and tourism in Mozambique: the challenge is open

A project to contribute to breaking the vicious circle of cultural and social marginalization and support the development opportunities offered by ecotourism

Diffondi Il Progetto

Project Protezione degli Habitat costieri e marini del Parco Nazionale delle Quirimbas per la sicurezza alimentare e lo sviluppo economico (PHARO).
Period 2014-2017
Department Natural Resources | Local Economy | Education for sustainability
Areas Africa and Europe
Countries Mozambique and Italy
Status Ongoing
Partners Cast | Quirimbas National Park, Mozambique |  Instituto National de Desenvolvimento da Pesca de Pequena Escala (IDPPE) | 21 Conselhos Comunitários de Pesca (CCP) | Universidade Catolica de Moçambique (UCM Pemba) | Instituto Industrial e Comercial de Pemba (IICP) | ECO-Mozambique |  Insubria University | Politecnico of Milan |  Bicocca University | Architetti Senza Frontiere (ASF) | Ingegneria Senza Frontiere (ISF) |Cattolica University of Milan | OPES Impact Fund
Financing body Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs | Fondation Ensemble

A delicate paradise

After 10 years of war against Portuguese colonialism and 15 years of civil war that devastated economy and population, since 1992 Mozambique slowly seeks to recover. But the frequent hurricanes and severe droughts contribute in keeping the deep wounds of the country open.

In this context, a deep social, economic and environmental fragility coexists with a development process in very strong acceleration. A growing international interest in the Mozambique coast, as touristic destination, and the discovery of important gas fields in the neighboring District of Palm, triggered a growing demand for services (hospitality, catering, etc.) to which the local population is currently unable to answer. It’s therefore essential to activate processes that can stop, on one hand, the degradation of coastal resources and, on the other, give to the local population the cognitive, cultural and economic tools to take advantage of the emerging development opportunities..

The Quirimbas National Park, Oikos’ partner also in previous projects, is formally part of the Ministry of Tourism and is now a crucial place for the future of the country: wild and untouched nature of the inland areas, deserted beaches and a seabed among the richest of the world attract private investors: the challenge of reconciling foreign presence and benefits for local communities and environmental protection is open.

Promote a sustainable use of  resources

The project involves the coast and the islands of the Quirimbas National Park, which is located in the northern part of Mozambique, in Cabo Delgado province, where 70% of the population lives beyond the poverty line. The Quirimbas National Park is the most recent (it was established in 2002) and probably the richest park of Mozambique, thanks to the variety of its habitas and biodiversity. It covers 14.834 km2, includes 7 Districts (Ancuabe, Ibo, Macomia, Meluco, Montepuez, Pemba, Quissanga) and has a population of 166.185 people.

The purpose of the Park is to promote the economic potential of the protected area in the tourism sector, for the benefit of local communities. In other words, the Quirimbas National Park wants to promote, through training activities, the awareness among the local population of the relationship between environmental degradation and poverty and, at the same time, develop and enforce appropriate regulations for land use. With this background, Istituto Oikos, in  close collaboration with the Park, is committed to: increasing knowledge of natural resources and their conservation status; promoting more careful and sustainable forms of using resources, particularly fisheries and mangroves, by strengthening the fishermen’s technical and management skills; promoting new economical activities in the eco-tourism sector in order to increase the capacity of local communities to generate income, reducing the pressure on natural resources, with particular attention to women and to the most disadvantaged people; increasing the employability of local people through the improvement of the training and the strengthening of links between training institutions and the job market, by encouraging the inclusion of the most marginalized people.

 The construction of an ecological center

We want to contribute to breaking the vicious circle of cultural and social marginalization which generates a growing exclusion of local communities from the development processes and to turn the threats related to an unplanned growth of tourism and to the presence of the oil industry in development opportunities, within an environmental and cultural sustainability system.

For this reason we aim to improve the management and use of the coastal area, as well as to enhance the fishing techniques through the promotion of sustainable fishing practices and the enforcement of a local fishing economy carried on in harmony with the environment.

With this in mind, we want to support small local enterprises  engaging in the Quirimbas Ecolodge construction, an ecological center to welcome visitors and monitor the environment that will be managed by the Park in collaboration with ECO-Mozambique and that will be economically sustainable thanks to proceeds resulting from its receptive, educational and teaching functions.

 

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BONIFICO BANCARIO:
intestato a Istituto Oikos Onlus
Banca Popolare di Sondrio, ag. 1 - via Porpora 104, Milano 20131
IBAN IT80R0569601602000006906X78

CONTO CORRENTE POSTALE:
c/c 61923629
intestato a Istituto Oikos

Sostieni Oikos

Oppure usa le nostre coordinate
inserendo nella causale il nome del progetto che desideri sostenere

BONIFICO BANCARIO:
intestato a Istituto Oikos Onlus
Banca Popolare di Sondrio, ag. 1 - via Porpora 104, Milano 20131
IBAN IT80R0569601602000006906X78

CONTO CORRENTE POSTALE:
c/c 61923629
intestato a Istituto Oikos