ITA ENG

Water — today and in the coming decades

Arusha, Tanzania: water springs, a distribution network, sanitation. And a community that’s aware about its present and future water consumption

None None None None None None
Diffondi Il Progetto

Project Improve access to water and standards of hygiene to achieve MDGs in the Region of Arusha in Tanzania
Period 2011-2014
Sector Food security | Natural resources | Educating for sustainability
Area Africa
Country Tanzania
Status Closed
Partners Oikos East Africa | Meru District Council | CBHCC Community Based Health Care Council, Tanzania
Financing bodiesEuropean Union | Charity and Defense of Nature Trust

The wards of Leguruki and King’ori in the Meru district are areas of transition between mountains and plain where thick forest gives way to acacias.
The local population, mostly of Meru origin, makes a living from agriculture. Infrastructures and primary services such as roads, electricity, hospitals and schools in the area are rare or inadequate, and in some cases completely lacking.

The community of Nkoasenga and other local actors have called for a better water supply system for the area. The distribution system, which dates back to 1958 and was designed to serve less than 15,000 people, cannot cope with its 50,000 inhabitants who, women and children in particular, are forced to walk miles to find water in the surrounding villages.

The difficult search for water

The presence of the National Park of Arusha makes this a very sensitive area in terms of environmental risk. Oikos has worked together with the local communities and authorities to define a sustainable approach to the development of sources of drinking water, via a detailed assessment of environmental impact, so as to meet estimated future demand (with specific reference to 2030).

According to the project, 60 kilometres of existing aqueducts will be enlarged and repaired and approximately 110 new kilometres added, in order to distribute the water from the two existing sources of Nasula and Makilenga (total flow rate of 13 l/s) and the new source of Malemeu (8 l/s).
This will increase the amount of water not contaminated by excessively high levels of fluoride by 65%.

Today’s needs. And a growing demand

New tanks will also make the supply more reliable.
In addition, we will help local families to build low-cost toilets which we have made more efficient and hygienic with careful technical design and for which we will supply the necessary material.
During an experimentation stage, we will examine the possibility of a widespread use of composting toilets.

We will equip ten schools and health centres with structures for the collection of rain water, which will be integrated with the water distributed by the mains for sanitary and washing needs.
Finally, we will conduct an extensive campaign of hygiene and sanitation education in collaboration with the District of Meru.

Sustainable management

We will strengthen the abilities of the Makilenga Water Users’ Association (formerly the KIA Board), in order to create a climate of trust among beneficiaries.
The project will help with registration formalities and will support the training of qualified staff; it will also help to define a business plan, including a study of charges and the recovery system: the aim is to set up an organisation, formed by the local community, that’s capable of managing its own resources and protecting the environment.

Our work will leave several measurable results in the area: 600 ventilated, improved toilets built by local tradesmen or the beneficiary families themselves; access to an additional 700,000 litres of water per day thanks to the new Malemeu spring; one or two public distribution points with meters at less than 500 m from homes; a new borehole with a solar powered pump for more readily available drinking water; 10 rainwater collection systems with filtering devices; the rebuilding or building from scratch of tanks with a total capacity of 530 m3; a hygiene campaign involving 26 schools and seminars.
The whole project is based on the principle of local communities taking part in decision-making processes.


Download

Photo Document Report

Sostieni questo progetto

Oppure usa le nostre coordinate
inserendo nella causale il nome del progetto che desideri sostenere

BONIFICO BANCARIO:
intestato a Istituto Oikos Onlus
Banca Popolare di Sondrio, ag. 1 - via Porpora 104, Milano 20131
IBAN IT80R0569601602000006906X78

CONTO CORRENTE POSTALE:
c/c 61923629
intestato a Istituto Oikos

Sostieni Oikos

Oppure usa le nostre coordinate
inserendo nella causale il nome del progetto che desideri sostenere

BONIFICO BANCARIO:
intestato a Istituto Oikos Onlus
Banca Popolare di Sondrio, ag. 1 - via Porpora 104, Milano 20131
IBAN IT80R0569601602000006906X78

CONTO CORRENTE POSTALE:
c/c 61923629
intestato a Istituto Oikos